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UNITED Static Control Products

 Essential Static Control to Tame the Static Beast!

 ESD Flooring Materials and Installations, ESD Products, ESD Expertise


1) ESD Tile Options

2) ESD Floor Paint and Sealers

3) ESD Carpet Options

4) ESD Sheet Vinyl Flooring

5) NATION WIDE Installation


6) ESD Wrist and Heel Straps

7) ESD Ionizers

8) ESD Smocks

9) ESD Mats - Anti Static Matting

10) ESD Test Equipment

11) ESD Wax and Floor Care

12) ESD Constant Monitors

13) Signs, Tape & Labels


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  Conductivity Options/Anti-Static Flooring!

Anti Static, High Conductivity, ESD Conductive and Static Dissipative Floors


ESD Tiles, sheet goods and our ElectraGuard ESD Epoxy are designed to provide options in conductivity for a static discharge rate suited to a multitude of environments. By far, the most popular ranges are Static Conductive and Static Dissipative.


For electronic manufacturing and other sophisticated static control environments static conductive is the preferred choice. Why? Because the combined resistance of drag chains, chairs, carts and personnel in conjunction with the flooring is much easier to meet the new standards that are mandatory in 2016. In addition, a static conductive floor discharges the electrostatic potential faster and passes the new ANSI ESD S20.20-2014 97.2 standards easier - even if it is dirty.


"But I've read that a static conductive floor is dangerous?"


Hogwash plain and simple! This is a myth foisted on the Industry by a supplier of ESD flooring that simply can not get ESD conductive carpeting. Their misinformation cites studies done by Motorola from the 90's and dated FAA standards (the FAA doesn't need to comply with the NEW standards - they simply write their own). A static conductive floor has about the same resistance as an ESD wrist strap. Today millions of people world wide will go to work on an ESD conductive floor and zero will be electrocuted due to working on an ESD (static conductive) floor.


For non critical static control (such as hospitals) static dissipative is often used. Both ranges cost about the same. Static dissipative flooring doesn't provide any particular set of advantages over static conductive however static dissipative has been written into so many existing specifications over the years it continues to be offered to the industry.


The more conductive a flooring material is the faster the static charge will be dissipated to ground. Let's go over some of the terminology.


ESD Arrow ForwardAnti-Static Flooring: That was then, this is now! Anti Static flooring was a phrase coined by the flooring industry (circa 1959) used to describe a flooring material that wouldn't allow a person (when walking on the flooring) to generate enough static to feel the discharge when they touched a grounded object (like a light switch). Keep in mind a person must generate over 3,000 volts to actually "feel" the discharge! Now-a-days? Anti-static is used as a somewhat misleading catch all, generic phrase to describe any flooring material that controls an electrostatic discharge. The three following ranges of electrical conductivity move the static charge from personnel to ground and are the industry accepted standards for conductivity for true static control floors.

ESD Arrow ForwardHIGH CONDUCTIVITY: Does not meet industry accepted safety standards of a minimum electrical resistance of >1.0E04. This material is recommended for use by trained personnel ONLY and it is typically only used in specialty Military and munitions manufacturing applications. Our High Con (for example) is such a product. It is a solid black 2mm thick x 2 meter wide x 20 meter long sheet good static control flooring vinyl with an electrical resistance range of <1K ohm. 

ESD Arrow ForwardSTATIC CONDUCTIVE: Meets all minimum electrical resistance limits for safety with an electrical conductivity of >1.0E04  and a maximum conductivity of <1.0E06 (one megohm, about the same as heel straps and wrist straps) when tested to ESD S7.1 This range of electrical conductivity is superior to static dissipative floors when testing to the new ANSI ESD 20.20-2014, 97.2 (walking charge generation) standards. Our testing confirms a tribo generation of approximately 20% lower than a static dissipative flooring material that post a resistance to ground of around 3.0E08.

ESD Arrow ForwardSTATIC DISSIPATIVE: Static dissipative flooring materials have a specific electrical resistivity (when tested to S7.1 test method) of greater than 1.0E06 but below 1.0E09 (as measured in ohms). Static dissipative vinyl flooring is manufactured via 2 methods.  Either a vinyl material is loaded with a conductive element (as is the case of Forbo and VPI flooring) OR the material is manufactured without the conductive elements but with hygroscopic capabilities. These hygroscopic capabilities allow the flooring to absorb ambient humidity thus rendering the material slightly conductive (aka static dissipative).  Static Dissipative flooring that contains conductive elements typically falls in the range of 1.0E06 to 1.0E07, hygroscopic materials typically fall in the range of 5.5E07 to slightly <1.0E09 @ 50%rH.  ElectraFloor static dissipative is a hygroscopic material. The lower conductivity still drains electrostatic potential but at a slower speed. Nuisance static discharges from personnel to grounded objects are eliminated (such is also the case with static conductive flooring). This material is very useful in health care environments as well as electronic manufacturing where high voltage power sources may present an electrocution hazard to personnel.

Further Questions? Comments or other opinions are welcome. Feel free to e-mail us at techsupport@ultrastatinc.com




Last Updated 12/06/2016